Why Hong Kong’s New National Security Law Matters to the West?
Ms. Chea Muykim, Research and Publication Coordinator at Cambodia Development Center.
Widely recognized for its democratic principles and ways of life – left by the British legacy and safeguarded by the “One Country, Two Systems” formula – Hong Kong has indeed become the city that had gone through many stages of protests since the hand-over from British to the Chinese government in 1997. Just when the people think the pandemic is giving the protesters a long break, the city is now hit by the newest wave of demonstration against the newly proposed security law in Hong Kong.
In the midst of worrying COVID-19 pandemic that attacks countries across the world, China’s national legislature has initiated the new security law specifically designed for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, in which the security new law has already received a green light by the Parliament on May 28, 2020 . This new attempt by China has indeed awakened the protesters, especially the pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong, and has also stunned many world leaders, specifically in the U.S. and in the Western allies. Nonetheless, it is also worth noting that this is not the first time that the United States as well as its Western allies express their opinions negatively regarding the relationship between China and Hong Kong. Why does the new Hong Kong’s National Security Law matters to the US and western allies this much? With the odd of allegation by Beijing government as a reaction that meddles the internal affairs of China and Hong Kong, what are the odds and interests at stake for the United States and the West?